Resistance and Movements

As long as there has been injustice, there has been resistance. Resistance has taken the form of civil disobedience and sit-ins, cultural resistance via art, music, theater and literature, taking to the streets, and boycotts. These strategies have been used throughout the centuries and across continents.

In the 1960s, Ella Baker organized a sit-in in Greensboro, North Carolina, to challenge segregation in restaurants. Two months later the Student NonViolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), a grassroots movement, was born and resulted in Black-led student organizing, voter registration, and marches against police brutality across the South. SNCC continues to be studied today for its grassroots and collective power.

While the inflection points of different movements vary, the goal [...]

History of Global Movements

History of Resistance in the U.S.

Information about Specific Movements


“You have to act as if it were possible to radically transform the world. And you have to do it all the time.”

~ Angela Davis


The Young Lords: Exploring the Legacy of the Radical Puerto Rican Activist Group 50 Years Later – Denise Oliver-Velez, Carlito Rovira, Juan González, and Johanna Fernández, Democracy Now!

Also in this section:
  • Overview and Timelines

  • Global History of Racism

  • Diaspora and Colonization

  • Laws and Policies



Critical Race Theory



Internalized Racism


Racial Equity

Racial Identity Development Theory

Racial Justice

Settler Colonialism

Targeted Universalism

White Privilege

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